Nigerian Journal of Dental and Maxillofacial Traumatology https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njdmt <p>Nigerian Journal of Dental and Maxillofacial Traumatology (NJDMT) is a collaborative peer-reviewed journal published by the Network for Oral and Maxillofacial Infection, Oncology and Traumatology in Nigeria<sup>® </sup>with Traumatology Unit, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery &amp; Health Sciences Research Group, University of Benin, Benin-City Edo State; Community Health Unit, Department of Preventive Dentistry, University of Port-Harcourt, Port-Harcourt, Rivers State; Traumatology Unit, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Jos, Jos, Plateau State; Traumatology Unit, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State and Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Bayero University Kano, Kano State. This Journal will publish articles in all fields of Oral, Dental and Craniofacial Traumatology for healthcare and allied professionals as well as students with a view to improving the insights into the issues related to dental and maxillofacial traumatology.</p> en-US njdmtraumatol@uniben.edu (ED Odai) md@soundgodworld.net (Soundgodworld) Tue, 05 May 2020 12:35:09 +0000 OJS 3.2.0.2 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Prosthetic management in orofacial trauma https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njdmt/article/view/50 <p>Orofacial trauma result in tissue loss that can be of soft tissue, hard<br>tissue or both tissues. This tissue loss can range from minimal to<br>extensive tissue loss and the result can be impairment of oral<br>function and compromise in quality of life. In management of<br>orofacial trauma, various factors such as defect site, extent age<br>among other factors are considered. There are variety of prosthetic<br>replacem ent option depending on site of defect and these ranges<br>from removable denture, fixed prosthesis, dental implants,<br>obturators, nasal prosthesis, orbital prosthesis and auricular<br>prosthesis. The advent of three dimensional (3D) technologies has<br>enabled th e design and manufacture of prosthesis using computer<br>aided design/ computer aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) software<br>that has helped in realization of treatment goals.</p> BO Akinboboye, MO Adeyemi Copyright (c) 2019 https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njdmt/article/view/50 Thu, 12 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Trauma to the Soft Tissues of the Periodontium: A Review https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njdmt/article/view/51 <p>This review dealt only with trauma that can result from thermal, chemical or mechanical assault to the soft tissues of the periodontium, namely the gingiva and the periodontal ligaments. These forms of trauma may be accidental, iatrogenic or self-inflicted (factitious). When trauma is accidental and iatrogenic, the nature of the damage to the tissues is usually acute and self-limiting. However, it is more chronic when trauma is self-inflicted. This review is important to highlight potential non-plaque related sources of damage to the tooth supporting structures which may be unintended, unplanned or self-inflicted but nonetheless, of grave consequences</p> ED Odai, AO Ehizele Copyright (c) 2019 https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njdmt/article/view/51 Tue, 05 May 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Traumatic dental injuries and its effect on quality of life in 12 to 15-year-old children in Ibadan, Nigeria. https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njdmt/article/view/52 <p><strong>Purpose</strong>: To determine the prevalence and aetiology of dental trauma and evaluate the effect of untreated traumatized anterior teeth on the quality of life of children age 12 to 15 in a developing country.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong>: A cross-sectional study involving 1,575 children. Examinations were carried out on all participants and the Child Perception Questionnaire (CPQ) was used to assess the QoL of children who were aware of their trauma.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: Prevalence was 20.2% (318 participants) with a male preponderance (1.3:1.0). Peak age group of incidences was 8 to 12 years with a frequent occurrence at 11 and 8 years for males and females respectively.</p> <p>Two hundred and five (64.5%) of the 318 participants with trauma to anterior teeth had enamel fractures and maxillary centrals (76.5%) were the most frequently injured teeth. Falls (61.7%) and home (60.7%) were the commonest cause of trauma and location of occurrence respectively.</p> <p>One hundred and ninety-six participants were aware of their dental injury. About 62% of the participants who sustained trauma reported a negative impact on their daily life. ‘Pain’ and ‘difficulty with chewing’ were the most affected QoL domains. Overall, 84.7% of the participants had their oral health related quality of life negatively impacted by dental trauma.</p> <p>Conclusion: Dental trauma had a negative impact on the QoL of the adolescents.</p> Y I Adeyemo, OO Bankole, TO Aladelusi, BO Popoola, OO Denloye Copyright (c) 2019 https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njdmt/article/view/52 Tue, 05 May 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Pattern of referred middle third fractures to the Maxillofacial Unit of Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria Nigeria https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njdmt/article/view/53 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> There is an increasing recognition that many patients who had middle third facial fractures were polytraumatized and would benefit immensely from early multi-disciplinary care provided by specialists. Therefore, the early referral to a specialist is the most appropriate because, it saves cost and also provide better care for the traumatized persons. This study is aimed at presenting the pattern of referral of middle third facial fractures to the Maxillofacial Unit of the Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Kaduna State.</p> <p><strong>Methods and Patients:</strong> A descriptive prospective study of patients with middle face fractures referred to the Maxillofacial Unit of the Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Kaduna State over a 48-month period.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The male to female ratio of 2.4:1, was seen. The mean age was 23.2 ± 3.4. RTA was the main cause of injuries with 76% and 42.1% had no written referral. There are 41 patients referred from various centers but excluded from this study because the diagnoses were not confirmed before the patients died.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Dental Surgeons had the highest number of referrals followed by surgeons in the head and neck region.</p> JO Ogbeifun, B Fomete, AA Olaitan Copyright (c) 2019 https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njdmt/article/view/53 Tue, 05 May 2020 00:00:00 +0000 P attern of orofacial injuries between the genders following interpersonal conflicts in Benin City, Edo State, Ni geria https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njdmt/article/view/55 <p>Objectives<br>: To study and compare the causes and presentations of<br>orofacial trauma, seen in an urban specialist center, between males<br>and females.<br>Method<br>A prospective study of trauma cases that presented to the<br>maxillofacial clinic between January 2014 and May 2019. Data collected<br>were gender, age, reason for injury, method of injury and clinical<br>presentation of hard and soft tissues. A descriptive analysis of data was<br>done and results presented as frequency tabl es and bar charts.<br>Conclusion:<br>This comparative study showed that more females<br>presented to the clinic with soft and hard tissue injuries than males.<br>Altercations, were relationship based in females and was due to other<br>factors in men. Blows accounted for causes of injury in males, while<br>slap was a more common cause of injury in females</p> IP Osaghae, CO Eriamiator Eriamiator, L Inanoremhe Copyright (c) 2019 https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njdmt/article/view/55 Tue, 05 May 2020 00:00:00 +0000