Nigerian Journal of Dental Sciences <p>Nigerian Journal of Dental Sciences is a collaborative peer reviewed scientific publication of the Network for Oral and Maxillofacial Infections, Oncology and Traumatology in Nigeria<sup>®</sup> with Department of Periodontics &amp; Pure and Applied Dental Oral and Craniofacial Research Society (PADOCRS), University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Community Dental Health Unit of Department of Preventive Dentistry, University of Port Harcourt, River State, Department of Preventive Dentistry, Bayero University Kano, Kano State and Department of Child Dental Health, University of Jos, Jos, Plateau State.</p> <p>Two issues of Nigerian Journal of Dental Sciences <em>(NJDS) are published </em>annually covering January-June and July-December.</p> en-US Nigerian Journal of Dental Sciences 2636-4956 Oral Health-Related Attitudes among Undergraduate Dental Students in Selected Nigerian Universities <p><strong>Objective</strong>: Description of oral health-related attitudes among dental students in Nigerian Universities.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>The study was a cross sectional survey involving the use of a multi-stage sampling technique to select 812 undergraduate dental students from 6 institutions. Information on socio- demographic characteristics of respondents and their oral health-related attitudes were collected using a well-structured, self-administered questionnaire. Chi-square test was used to investigate the association between socio-demographic characteristics and oral health-related attitudes.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The mean age of the respondents was 22.0±3.0 years. About 15% of the students were in year-1. The mean attitude score was 10±1.8 of 13. Over 90% of the respondents correctly agreed to the statements: “Regular visit to the dentist are necessary” (96.3%), ‘‘Treatment of the teeth is as important as any other part of the body’’ (98.3%), “It is important to visit the dentist whether there is pain or not” (92.4%) and ‘‘the tooth brush is an oral hygiene aid’’ (96.3%). About 75%, 66% and 44.5% of the students respectively correctly disagreed with the statements: ‘‘Dental floss is not a useful oral hygiene aid’’, “It is not necessary to bother about the color of our teeth” and “Patient should decide the types of treatment they receive.” There was a significant association between study level (p&lt;0.0001) and sex (0.034) on one hand and attitudes toward oral health on the other hand.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The attitudes toward oral health among the Nigerian undergraduate dental students was good. The oral health-related attitude of the students was significantly influenced by sex and level of education of respondents. As part of their curriculum, dental students should start learning about preventive aspects of oral health as early as their first year in the University.</p> Lawrence O. IGBINOSA Mike Eghosa OGBEIDE OGBEIDE Copyright (c) 2020 2020-01-31 2020-01-31 3 1 1 8 Oral Health Awareness and Care Seeking Behaviours among Public and Private Dental Clinics Attendees <p><strong>Objective:</strong> To examine the oral health awareness and care seeking behaviours among public and private dental clinics attendees</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This cross-sectional study was carried out among patients attending public and private dental clinics in Benin City. A pre-tested questionnaire which elicited information on demographic characteristics, oral health awareness, pattern of dental attendance, treatment pattern, duration of dental problem and reason for delayed presentation was data collection tool. Data collected were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 20 and test for significance was done using chi-square statistics or Fisher’s exact test.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Less than half (44.16%) of both public and private dental clinic respondents lacked knowledge or held erroneous knowledge about the cause of tooth problem. The majority (88.89%) of the both public and private dental clinic respondents knew who a dentist is. About one tenth (13.12%) of the respondents described as dentist as doctor that extracts teeth and this was higher among public (16.67%) than private (8.70%) dental clinic respondents. More than half (59.28%) of the respondents had visited the dentist with 54.31% being from public dental clinic and two-thirds (66.67%) being from private dental clinic. More than half (55.37%) of the respondents had extraction in the past with more being from the public (54.31%) than private (50.88%) dental clinic. Reasons for present dental attendance was majorly pain (49.11%) with more from public (57.89%) than private (37.64%) dental clinic. A total of 41.38% of the respondents delayed presentation to clinic for over a year with more from the public (42.31%) than the private (38.89%) dental clinic. The major reason for delayed presentation was personal treatment and observation which constituted 55.34% which was not different between public and private dental clinic respondents.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Oral health awareness was suboptimal, symptomatic dental attendance and delayed presentations were seen among public and private dental clinics attendees</p> Dave O IKPEFAN Paul ERHABOR Clement C AZODO Copyright (c) 2020 2020-01-31 2020-01-31 3 1 9 15 Foreign Body in the Zygomatic Region from an Assault <p><strong>Objective:</strong> Foreign body in the maxillofacial region may be implanted traumatically, iatrogenically, or inadvertently. This article presents a case of stab injury on the face of a 25-year-male with a biro pen and its consequent retention for two years within the facial tissues before removal. This foreign body elicited several episodes of pain, swelling and pus discharge for which patient took numerous analgesics and antibiotics with little relief.</p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> Facial asymmetry with swelling around the left zygomatic region with a discharging sinus on the central aspect of the swelling. The immediate surrounding skin appeared darker. An impression of foreign body retention was made. Radiograph showed a linear radiopaque object extending downward from the left zygomatic arch to the lateral side of the left maxilla. Patient could not afford a CT. From the presenting history, examination and the radiograph, foreign body retention was confirmed with a planned exploration. Consent was obtained and exploration under local anaesthesia extracted a 4.5cm broken part of a biro pen from the injury site. The lumen of the biro was filled with blood-stained pus. The area was irrigated thoroughly and sutures were placed. The post op review one year after was uneventful.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Stab injuries to the face can result in retention of the stab object. This necessitates the use of the appropriate imaging technique and a thorough search of the injury site during treatment to prevent prolonged retention of such objects and related complications.</p> Mabel O. ETETAFIA Copyright (c) 2020 2020-01-31 2020-01-31 3 1 16 21 Retrospective evaluation of treated Peripheral Giant Cell Granuloma in Barau Dikko Teaching Hospital, Kaduna <p><strong>Objective: </strong>Peripheral Giant Cell Granuloma (PGCG) is a non-neoplastic, tumour-like reactive lesion occurring exclusively on gingival/alveolar crest. It is believed to arise from the periodontal ligament or the periosteum. Clinically it bears resemblance to pyogenic granuloma, peripheral ossifying fibroma and many other peripheral lesions seen in the oral cavity. The objective of this study was to present the clinical presentation and management of Peripheral Giant Cell Granuloma (PGCG) treated in our Centre.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>This is a retrospective study of patients with clinical and histological diagnosed Peripheral Giant Cell Granuloma that were treated in Barau Dikko Teaching Hospital (BDTH) from January, 2014 to December, 2018. Information was extracted from case files of patients. Data collected included: age at presentation, sex, location of the tumour, treatment given, findings and histological diagnosis</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The prevalence of PGCG when compared with other benign tumours of the jaws diagnosed over the period of study was 5%. The result showed four cases, ages 38 – 56years, two (50.0%) were females and two (50.0%) males. Male to female ratio is 1 to 1. Two were in the maxillae and two in the mandible. One case was excised under general anaesthesia. All the cases had poor oral hygiene status. Duration before presentation was 8months to 3years. Aesthetic perception was poor in only case accounting for was 25%. Treatment was satisfactory.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Special attention should be given to the immediate management of this tumour to avoid the aesthetic and functional challenges of the increase tumour size.</p> Olatunde Oluleke OMISAKIN Copyright (c) 2020 2020-01-31 2020-01-31 3 1 22 29