Nigerian Journal of Dental Sciences https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njds <p>Nigerian Journal of Dental Sciences is a collaborative peer reviewed scientific publication of the Network for Oral and Maxillofacial Infections, Oncology and Traumatology in Nigeria<sup>®</sup> with Department of Periodontics &amp; Pure and Applied Dental Oral and Craniofacial Research Society (PADOCRS), University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Community Dental Health Unit of Department of Preventive Dentistry, University of Port Harcourt, River State, Department of Preventive Dentistry, Bayero University Kano, Kano State and Department of Child Dental Health, University of Jos, Jos, Plateau State.</p> <p>Two issues of Nigerian Journal of Dental Sciences <em>(NJDS) are published </em>annually covering January-June and July-December.</p> en-US editornjds@nomiot.com.ng (CC Azodo) md@soundgodworld.net (Soundgodworld) Fri, 20 Aug 2021 12:21:46 +0000 OJS 3.2.0.2 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Oral Health and Its Significance https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njds/article/view/106 <p>People place high importance and care on their faces and bodies. They, however, pay less attention to the care of their mouth as they do to other parts of their body. Interestingly, oral health is integral to general health of an individual. The aim of this review article was to report the significance of oral health. Oral health and its significance was categorized into components of oral health, prevalence of oral diseases, relationship of oral health to general health, the psychosocial and economic impact of oral health and level of awareness of oral health. Clearer understanding on oral health and its significance will greatly enhance the utilization of oral health facilities and services geared towards improving the quality of life of citizens.</p> Paul ERHABOR, Dave O. Ikpefan Copyright (c) 2021 https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njds/article/view/106 Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Acute oral ulceration in urban children: observable characteristics in the history of presentation https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njds/article/view/107 <p><strong>Objective: </strong>To elicit and present common characteristics in the history of presentation of children manifesting clinically with acute oral ulcerative lesions for the first time.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> Prospective study conducted for children who manifested clinically with acute oral ulcerative lesions (oral ulcers and erosions) for the first time at the Oral Surgery clinic of Central Hospital Benin, Edo State Nigeria. Data were described using frequency distribution tables.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Thirty children fulfilled the inclusion criterion. Majority (53%) were in the age range of 9 months to 2 years and sex predilection was in favour of females at 63%. Twenty three percent of children drew the attention of their care givers by complaining of sore gums. Predominant site was the gingiva of isolated tooth or teeth in 20%; all standing teeth in 47%; and in combination with other oral mucosal sites in remaining 33%. All children were observed to be on medication for one or more common childhood illnesses as at the time of visitation.</p> <p>Least number of different drugs administered within the year or since the child was born was two while the highest number was 12. Antibiotics and antimalaria were most frequently administered.</p> <p>Ninety percent of these children were in the care of their mothers. All caregivers were gainfully engaged.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Common characteristics of urban children manifesting with oral ulcerative lesions was they were majorly less than 2 years of age, suffered common childhood illnesses resulting in frequent ingestion of antimalaria and antibiotics bought with or without prescription.</p> Ifueko Patience OSAGHAE, Lucky INANOREMHE Copyright (c) 2021 https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njds/article/view/107 Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Awareness and disposition towards the clinical use of distraction virtual reality among selected dental healthcare workers in Benin City, Nigeria. https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njds/article/view/108 <p><strong>Objective: </strong>Dental fear has been demonstrated to be common and an unavoidable reaction that appears as a result of the various dental procedure and armamentarium induced stress. The extent of patients’ experiences ranges from nervousness, anxiety to dental phobia, and it has been reported as a huge hinderance for a successful completion of dental procedure or treatment. Dental practitioners have several approaches to control anxiety and pain in patient, and one of the reported suitable technique adopted for the management of behavior and pain during dental procedure is the distraction virtual reality. Therefore, the present study sought to examine awareness and disposition towards the clinical use of distraction virtual reality among selected dental healthcare workers in Benin City, Nigeria.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>This study adopted the survey research design. A total of 100 questionnaires were distributed among dentist and dental students in Benin City Metropolitan, however only 72 responses was received. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequency and percentages. The result of the study revealed that a great proportion of the participants had an inadequate knowledge, as 56.9% of the participants reported that the have not heard about the use of distraction virtual reality in dentistry, and a similar trend of inadequacy was also observed for the responses on have you used the distraction virtual reality for patients, as 88.2% reported with a “No”. As per the willingness to use distraction virtual reality in dentistry, the result revealed that the participants were willing to receive training on the use of distraction virtual reality (84.5%). Also, majority of the participants reported that distraction virtual reality should be incorporated in the curriculum of dental training. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>Therefore, distraction virtual reality may be considered a good alternative in managing anxious patients in dental operatory and it is also a technique worth practicing in pediatric dentistry.</p> Osazee K. ORHUE, Owen S OMOROGBE, Edorisiagbon OSAYANDE Copyright (c) 2021 https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njds/article/view/108 Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000