Nigerian Journal of Dental Sciences https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njds <p>Nigerian Journal of Dental Sciences is a collaborative peer reviewed scientific publication of the Network for Oral and Maxillofacial Infections, Oncology and Traumatology in Nigeria<sup>®</sup> with Department of Periodontics &amp; Pure and Applied Dental Oral and Craniofacial Research Society (PADOCRS), University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Community Dental Health Unit of Department of Preventive Dentistry, University of Port Harcourt, River State, Department of Preventive Dentistry, Bayero University Kano, Kano State and Department of Child Dental Health, University of Jos, Jos, Plateau State.</p> <p>Two issues of Nigerian Journal of Dental Sciences <em>(NJDS) are published </em>annually covering January-June and July-December.</p> en-US editornjds@nomiot.com.ng (CC Azodo) md@soundgodworld.net (Soundgodworld) Wed, 24 Aug 2022 08:10:53 +0000 OJS 3.2.0.2 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Early Eruption of Permanent Teeth in a nine year old Nigerian Child. A Case Report https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njds/article/view/131 <p>Variation in the normal eruption of teeth is a common finding, but significant deviation from established norms should alert the clinician to take some diagnostic procedures in order to evaluate patient’s health and development. Disturbance in tooth eruption time could be a symptom of general condition or indication of altered physiology and craniofacial development. Several studies have shown variations in the timing and sequence of the emergence of permanent teeth among different population groups. Variations in the pattern of tooth emergence has been variously associated with age, gender, genetics, classes, although socioeconomic effects were more mixed for premolars and molars. Compared to their counterparts in the USA, Australia, Belgium, and Iran, Nigerian children from previous study showed an earlier mean age of emergence of all the permanent teeth studied. This article reports the eruption of all permanent teeth except the second and third molars in a 9 year old child who presented at our Orthodontic clinic. Patient is female and has a twin brother, and they are not identical. The eruption pattern in the twin brother is different from hers.</p> Alice A. UMWENI, Nosakhare J OTAREN Copyright (c) 2022 https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njds/article/view/131 Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Orthodontic Management of an Anterior Open Bite in a Nigerian Adult https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njds/article/view/132 <p>This article is a case of successful orthodontic management of an anterior open bite in a 32-year-old married woman using a full fixed orthodontic appliance (straight wire technique). Her orthodontic treatment was hinged on correcting the vertical relationship of the posterior segment by the intrusion of the posterior teeth, from the premolars to the first molar of both arches, closing all available spaces, including the midline diastema, which was used to correct overjet and overbite of the patient, restoring both aesthetic and functional properties.</p> Monica Ndudi ADEKOYA Copyright (c) 2022 https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njds/article/view/132 Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Orofacial Manifestations of Stress, Anxiety and Depression https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njds/article/view/133 <p>Oral changes with psychosomatic etiology are still an insufficiently confirmed and investigated subgroup of psychosomatic diseases. psychogenic factors like stress, anxiety and depression may act as an underlying risk factor that could influence the initiation and development of oral mucosal diseases. Dental practitioners should expect more patients presenting at the dental clinic with underlying emotional and psychological disorders. A review of literature showed a positive association between psychological alterations and changes in the oral mucosa, particularly in conditions like oral lichen planus, recurrent aphthous stomatitis, parafunctional habits, temporomandibular disorders and burning mouth syndrome. Recognition of such psychological or emotional disturbance benefits both the patient and clinician. Hence psychological management should be taken into consideration when treating patients with these psychosomatic disorders</p> Mercy OKOH, Dickson S. OKOH Copyright (c) 2022 https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njds/article/view/133 Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Multidisciplinary Nature of Management of Elderly Patients in Dental Practice https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njds/article/view/134 <p><strong>Objective: </strong>To assess the specialties involved in oral health care of the elderly</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>This was a retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study conducted using dental records of patients aged 65 years or more who had visited the dental clinic of 2 tertiary hospitals (National Hospital Abuja and University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City) over a 6-month period from June 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018. The patients were classified by age as follows; 65-74 years youngest-old, 75-84 years middle-old and those aged 85 and above oldest old. The data of interest collated from the retrieved records were age, gender, diagnosis made and specialties involved in management of the oral health conditions. All data was screened for completeness and analysed using IBM SPSS statistics for windows version 26.0 (IBM Corp. Armonk, N.Y., USA).</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>A total of 177 records of elderly patients were utilized for this study with 67.2% from UBTH and the remaining 32.8% from National Hospital Abuja. The youngest-old (65-74years) made up 73.4% of the cases and females accounted for 60.5% of cases. Multiple diagnoses were made in 58.2% of cases with multiple specialties involved in treatment of 45.5% of cases. Five specialties (prosthodontics, conservative dentistry, periodontology, oral and maxillofacial surgery and oral medicine) were involved in management of these cases. More than half (55.4%) received treatment from periodontology and the least represented specialty was oral medicine (3.4%). A higher proportion (69.9%) of cases with multiple diagnosis received treatment from periodontology specialty and this was statistically significant (P&lt;0.0001).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Elderly patients irrespective of age have similar oral problems and required similar specialist care.</p> <p>Multiple specialties are involved in the oral health care management of elderly patients with periodontology specialty followed by oral and maxillofacial specialty rendering care in most cases. Oral care of the elderly can be centred around the periodontist if a dedicated geriatric dentist is unavailable.</p> Joan E. ENABULELE, Gloria O. AGBOGHOROMA, Julie O. OMO Copyright (c) 2022 https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njds/article/view/134 Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Digit Sucking Habit, Prevalence and Effects on Occlusion in 7-12 Year Old School Children In Benin City, Nigeria https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njds/article/view/135 <p><strong>Objective: </strong>Digit sucking (thumb and finger sucking) is one of the most common forms of non-nutritive sucking. It is a topic of interest in many fields, including psychology, paediatrics, speech therapy and dentistry, due to its frequent dentofacial manifestations. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of digit sucking habit in 7-12 years old school children in Benin City and identify the effect of the habit on the occlusion.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. A total of 650 school children selected by a multistage sampling technique were interviewed and examined for digit sucking habit and occlusion.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The prevalence of digit sucking habit was 11.5%. There was a significant decrease in prevalence of the habit with increasing age (P&lt;0.05). There was a statistically significant relationship between digit sucking and posterior crossbite (P&lt;0.05). There was also a statistically significant relationship between digit sucking and anterior open bite (P&lt;0.05) and increased overjet (P&lt;0.05), there was however no significant relationship between digit sucking habit and molar relationship (Angle’s).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The significant relationship between digit sucking habit and occlusion (posterior crossbite, anterior open bite and increased overjet), suggest the need for early identification of this habit in children and early intervention. The education of mothers on the deleterious effects of digit sucking habit is suggested as well as regular orthodontic assessment for children who are five years and older.</p> Nosakhare J. OTAREN, Alice A. UMWENI, Olayinka D. OTUYEMI, Ehi OGBEIDE Copyright (c) 2022 https://publications.nomiot.com.ng/index.php/njds/article/view/135 Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000